The main homeland of budgies is Australia, here they live and breed virtually throughout the territory. It is difficult to find a place on the continent where there are no such talkative and perky birds.
In the wild, parrots gather in huge flocks, which quickly and quickly move from one place to another, looking for comfortable conditions with enough water and food.
By their nature, these birds lead a nomadic life, an exception in this stormy rhythm is the nesting period, when birds are attached to a certain territory. They locate their nests in crevices of rocks, hollows and tree roots, using any available voids. The appearance of several nests nearby, and sometimes in one place, is not uncommon.
A flock of budgies is a well-organized community with tight discipline. Every bird clearly knows its place in this system. Caring for each other in the pack is the norm. Parrots clean their feathers, warn about danger.
Australia became the homeland of undists due to its favorable climate and a large number of water bodies. The more water and grasses around are rich in seeds and grains, the longer the parrots live in one place. When the rainy season ends and drought begins, the wavy falls tight and the population is partially reduced due to the death of parrots.
But with the advent of the rainy season, they more than fill up their ranks. What is noteworthy, before the rain, the parrots are very animated, they are not one of those who are afraid to get wet, but rather on the contrary enjoy it.
At the moment, it is known that there are much more domesticated parrots than those living in the wild.
They brought such fame:
- beautiful plumage;
- easy tameability;
- ability to imitate human speech.
A female budgerigar can lay three to five eggs, which it will incubate itself for eighteen days. And already on the nineteenth day, young animals will appear in the light, which will be able to leave the nest on their own a month later.
It is worth noting that if the wavy formed a married couple, then there can be no talk of changing a partner, the parrots differ in monogamy. Under comfortable conditions, a sufficient amount of water and food, the female can repeatedly lay eggs after a short period of time.
Even now, it’s quite difficult to determine how often budgies can give birth. And there are a number of reasons. One of them is a nomadic way of life, because of which it is difficult to keep track of a certain couple and its heirs. After the first flights of chicks, parrots gather in flocks and change their location, in search of food and spacious ponds.
Shades of budgies
In the wild, these birds are bright green with a yellow forehead and cheeks. They are characterized by transverse stripes on the neck, back and wings. It is to these lines that the undulations owe their name.
Cows in females are white or brown in color, and in males blue predominates. If the individuals are young, then all the colors of their plumage before the first molt are paler in comparison with the older counterparts.
At the moment, the color spectrum is very diverse, with the exception of a red tint. True, these parrots are little adapted to survival in the wild.
The advent of parrots in Europe
The first person to describe budgies in 1805 was the English botanist and zoologist George Shaw. And the first who captured them in the drawing was the English artist Polidor Nodder, who illustrated the flora and fauna.
The most detailed description was made by zoologist John Gould in 1837, which, thanks to its accuracy, has not lost its relevance to this day. It was thanks to him that the parrots came to Europe, causing extraordinary popularity and the desire to acquire these colorful birds. It got to the point that demand far exceeded supply, and this entailed a massive capture of budgerigars.
Due to the terrible conditions of transportation from one continent to another, when the parrots were kept in cramped cages, where they were fed improperly, most died on the way. Such a sharp increase in popularity on parrots has become a threat to the general bird population. As a result, a ban was introduced in Australia on the capture and export of parrots from the continent.
For a long time, breeding in captivity did not end in success, but in 1855 the first successful experience of breeding budgerigars was recorded. Most likely this merit belongs to Jules Delon, who also wrote a complete guide to the care of budgies.
In 1860, the popularity of feathered subsided, and the parrots ceased to be so exclusive. If earlier they were accessible only to a wealthy stratum of society, now now, thanks to lower prices, almost every European could afford these charismatic birds.
Most zoos could already boast representatives of this species. Over the following years, selection went fast, and the result was parrots with different colors of plumage. At the moment, about 200 different shades and color combinations have been bred.