The canaries were brought in by the Spaniards from the Canary Islands, from where they got their name. This group of birds is rather inconspicuous, but very popular precisely because of the singing data. When asked how many years canaries live, many authors answer that the average life expectancy is 8-10 years, although with proper care, birds can live up to 15 years. A factor in the longevity and healthy life of these birds is proper food and living conditions.
Breeds and species of canaries
There are three breeds of canaries:
Decorative are divided into the following types:
This species includes birds that have crests, which is why they got the name. Feathers on the parietal part of the head are slightly elongated, which creates the feeling of a hat. Crested, too, in turn, are divided into several subspecies:
- German crested;
- english crested
Life expectancy is about 12 years. There is one essential detail in the breeding of these individuals: if you cross two crested individuals, the offspring will be lethal. Therefore, one individual is crossed with a crest, and the other must be smooth-headed.
This smooth-headed species of canaries with narrow and thin feathers. Depending on the subspecies, the body length varies from 11 to 19 cm. The birds are quite unpretentious.
There are 6 subspecies:
- Norwich Canary
- Bernese canary;
- Spanish decorative canary;
- Yorkshire Canary;
- mini border.
The average life expectancy is 10 to 15 years with proper care.
Representatives of this species are distinguished by the fact that their feathers curl over their entire body length. it rather large individuals from 17 cm in length, with the exception of the Japanese subspecies. It is believed that they came from the Dutch canary. Breeders were interested in their unusual feathers, as a result of which several different unusual subspecies were bred:
- Parisian curly (trumpeter);
- french curly;
- Swiss curly;
- Italian curly;
- Padua or Milanese curly;
- Japanese curly (makij);
- northern curly;
Life expectancy 10 to 14 years.
These are unique birds whose head is lowered so low that descends below the shoulders, despite the fact that the body is completely vertical. At this subspecies, the tail either descends directly or bends downward. This species is most rare. There are four subspecies of these birds:
- Belgian humpback
- Munich Hunchback;
- Japanese humpback.
On average, 10 to 12 years in captivity can live.
This is the only type of canary in which the body color is very different from other varieties. These birds completely inconspicuous hatch and after the first year of molting, they acquire a very bright color, that is, in the second year they are absolutely bright birds. But this bright plumage does not last forever, it lasts a couple of years (2 – a maximum of 3 years), after which the bright color gradually disappears, as if fading in the sun, until it becomes inconspicuous. Two subspecies of painted canaries are known:
The lifespan of these canaries is from 10 to 14 years. Unfortunately, decorative specimens are not so in demand among lovers of canaries as singing, since a change in the morphological characteristics of the species adversely affects the vocal characteristics of birds, resulting in reduced singing abilities. Canary breeders are not very positive about such deformations, which makes them not particularly popular.
These are the most popular bird species of this breed. Officially, there are 3 types of this breed:
- German (Harz scooter);
- Belgian (Malinois);
- Spanish (timbrados).
Russian breed is also singled out, but it is not recognized by the international community.
The German subspecies or Harz scooter was bred in the Upper Harz, from where it got its name. This subspecies has a low, velvety voice, but the most interesting thing is that canaries sing without opening their beak, due to which there is a soft, not cutting ear, sound of the voice. At the same time, the Harz scooter is in an upright position and greatly inflates the throat. The life path of these birds varies from 8 to 12 years.
Malinois or a Belgian singer was bred near the city of Mechelen (Belgium). This bird is quite large in size, yellow in color, without any inclusions. The song virtues of this canary are more complex and richer compared to the Harz scooter. But she can perform songs with both open and closed mouths. At the same time, professionals rate songs of birds on a 120-point scale.
Belgian singing canary over time gaining more and more popularity among lovers. Life expectancy is up to 12 years.
"Timbrados" or the Spanish singing canary is one of the most ancient species, which was obtained by crossing the European canary finch with a wild canary. This is a rather miniature bird up to 13 cm long, with a rounded body, compared to the Harz scooter. The voice features of the canine timbrados are rated on a 75-point scale. Life expectancy is approximately 9 to 11 years.
The Russian breed is not recorded in the International Ornithological Association "COM", as a separate, independently existing subspecies. Although in 2005, the "State Commission of the Russian Federation for the Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements" recognized the breed: "Russian Canary Reel" and issued a certificate in confirmation. They are not recognized by the international community because they still have not come to the definition of a standard for the Russian singing breed. We can say that breed-specific singing not defined with its inherent set of knees and grading scale. For this reason, harz skaters are more divorced in Russia.
At present, this species has about 100 breeds. But, at the same time, they are divided into 2 subspecies, depending on the coloring pigment, which are contained in the feather and are the main determining color:
- melanin (dark color);
- lipochromic (light color).
The pigment Melanin has a protein structure in the form of grains and are formed in the body from a particular protein. Lipochromes have a fatty structure and are produced from keratin. Lipochromes are mainly in a dissolved state, so the colors are brighter. A different combination of these pigments, which are produced by the body, give us different colors, so there are a lot of subspecies. To the question “how many years canaries live”, one can answer that with proper care their life can reach about 13 years.