Among the numerous (more than three hundred) types of parrots, the most popular, of course, are wavy. They are small and quite unpretentious, so they are better than many of their brothers are suitable for keeping at home. And another important plus of these representatives of the family is the amazing variety of their colors.
First of all, it must be said that, oddly enough, the color variety of budgies is a man-made phenomenon.
As a result, today blue parrots can be found, perhaps, even more often than green ones. These are friendly and friendly creatures, and when you consider that the blue bird is a symbol of good luck, it is not surprising that this coloring is so popular among bird lovers.
Blue wavy parrots were bred in France in the early twentieth century, although even 25 years before that, Belgian breeders had already encountered similar mutations in the colors of birds.
It is not surprising that this color is the standard for an exotic bird. In the wild, budgies are found in Australia, which is known to be called the green continent. No other colors will give small defenseless birds a more reliable chance to get lost in the abundant tropical greenery and not become an accidental victim of a predator, and there are a lot of natural enemies of the parrots, and they are quite dangerous.
To leave a kite or a falcon, a parrot has practically no chance, so the best way to protect yourself is to go unnoticed.
The main color of the plumage of the “natural” budgerigar has a shade of young glossy grass, darker on the back and light green in the lower part, on the pile and stomach. On the bird’s head there is a light yellow mask; on the throat are six black spots plus two purple on the sides of the cheekbones. The entire back from the head itself and the wings are decorated with a motley black pattern in the form of wave-like lines (hence the name of the bird). A special pride is the dark blue central feathers on the wings and tail with a metallic touch. Sometimes the tail feathers are blue and the fly feathers are black or dark green. The paws are greenish-gray.
However, as a result of domestication and prolonged selection a huge number of different types of shades of green budgies have been bred, little resembling their original coloring.
So, at the beginning of the last century, dark green “wavy” were bred in France, which differ from their “natural” counterparts in a brighter and more “festive” color, which under natural conditions the bird simply cannot afford.
In general, the distribution of colors in such parrots looks the same as in light green ones, but the main color of the plumage is darker, the yellow mask is more saturated in color, and the tail feathers, on the contrary, have a less bright blue hue. The spots on the throat of a bird are more likely purple than black.
If dark green parrots are obtained by adding one dark factor to the natural color, then olive is formed due to the influence of two dark factors at once on the dark green bird. This is perhaps the most beautiful variation of all shades of green..
It is difficult to describe it, it’s better to see it once: all the transitions, spots and waves are present, but their contrast is especially bright, and the main color is surprisingly saturated. The black color of the feathers has a distinct olive tint.
Yellow "face" for a budgie – A natural sign, but yellow-faced, or simply yellow, it is customary to call blue birds with a yellow head. If in the natural color of the bird, as we said, there are yellow and black colors, surprisingly giving the illusion of green, then in order for the main one to become yellow, just remove the black pigment from the color. Nevertheless, many breeders believe that yellow-faced parrots are not green birds without yellow, but blue and yellow, and discussions on this subject are still ongoing.
It is customary to distinguish three main types of yellow-faced budgerigars: type 1 and type 2, as well as golden-faced, sometimes referred to as Australian.
European with a normal pattern
This type of color has been known for over 135 years. The bird has a blue plumage throughout the body, and its head is a pale lemon color. In the first type, yellow is practically absent in the body or is found in the form of small, almost imperceptible, stains, sometimes distinguishable in the feathers of the wings and tail. A separate species is a bird with a very light yellow mask that looks almost white.
The second type of yellow-faced parakeets is characterized by the presence of a lemon shade throughout the body, in the wings and tail. The primary color of the feathers is at first bright azure, but in the process of molting, it is increasingly approaching green. In the same variety, an uneven proportion in the distribution of yellow and blue is possible, as a result of which the lower part of the bird looks blue, and the breast has the color of a sea wave.
If European yellow-faced are characterized by shades similar to lemon, then among Australians it is more likely associated with egg yolk. It is this tone in the entire plumage that replaces white: it is present on the feathers of the feathers, and in the tail, and on the body, as a result of which the bird looks green. As with European yellow-faced, in this case, a variation in the uneven staining of yellow and blue is also possible, as a result of which the lower part of the parrot is blue, and the top is green.
In fact, the Australian colors (golden-faced birds) are something intermediate between blue and green, and therefore this color is called “parblu” (partially blue), however, sometimes this term is also used in relation to European yellow-faced.
Another mutation from the blue row – cobalt. These are blue parrots, in the selection of which there is one additional dark factor. Such birds look much brighter and more elegant than the usual blue “wavy” and much more resemble a fabulous blue bird.
Adding a gray factor allows you to get several shades of gray. Depending on what color the bird is taken as a basis in breeding (green or blue), we get gray or gray-green individuals.
Gray (they are also called dominant or Australian gray) budgies can be of various shades, but one of the rarest and most beautiful colors of this series is anthracite. The plumage of this bird is so dark that it appears black, sometimes with white patches.
This coloring owes its appearance to the German breeders, although in fairness it must be said that in the 30s of the last century gray parrots of a very dark shade were bred in England, however, unfortunately, this variety was not preserved (mainly because that the dark gray color appeared in the genotype as a recessive factor and, thus, was lost when crossing with any other individual).
Gray-green budgerigars come in various shades – from lighter to dark (brown).
Due to its close proximity to the natural color, this color was bred in the home of the "wavy" in Australia. It happened in 1935. Birds have a mustard shade of the main plumage, the mask is of a standard yellow color, and a gray tint is added to the black spots on the throat. The wavy stripes on the body are black and very contrasting, the feathers are green or black, the tail is black.
The result of the work of French breeders – gray-blue budgerigars. It is interesting that this coloring is one of the oldest, it was possible to consolidate it back in 1924. These birds differ from ordinary grays in that the main color of the front and back lower parts of their bodies has a distinct blue with a pinkish or purple hue. The mask on the head is not yellow, but white, black waves and dots are the same as those of blue parrots, and the tail is dark blue.
Perhaps this is one of the most beautiful colors of the budgerigar. The bird looks surprisingly gentle and harmonious. Despite the fact that at first glance it seems light gray, in fact there is no gray shade in the plumage. Almost the entire body is evenly stained with a delicate mauve without any streaks or splashes. Under the beak there is a white mask with black dots, above the beak to the forehead there is also a white area, turning into a series of black transverse stripes on the back of the head. There should not be any other color splashes or patterns on the head.
The owner of the purple budgie can also cause no less envy of the neighbors. This coloring was obtained by German breeders at the end of the 20s of the last century. It is based on the gray gene, which is dominant. Variations of the colors of plumage are also possible here – from the violet as such to the delicate color of the Persian lilac (the presence of a dark or blue factor plays a decisive role, as well as the amount of violet – single or double).
According to approved standards, in the colors of budgies there are three shades of purple although in reality there are at least six times as many!
We said above that the variety of colors of budgerigars was obtained by adding a dark factor to the main color and the subsequent “game” with various combinations obtained. But there is also a reverse selection method – clarification of the natural color.
There are several classifications of clarified “wavy”. So, it is believed that a bird should be called clarified, the coloring of which is approximately 80% lighter than the classical color, and this applies not only to the main plumage, but also to undulating bands, which are usually black.
As part of clarified parrots, gray-winged, gray-winged full-color and pure-winged birds are also distinguished. In the first and second cases, the “waviness” is indicated by gray, and not black, but in full-color birds, as the name suggests, the main color is normal, not lightened. Purebred parrots almost do not have “waviness”, since the corresponding strips are either very light or even indistinguishable.
Lightness is always recessive, which is why this version of plumage in birds is much less common. But if the parrot is a carrier of this gene, when crossed with the same carrier, a clarified chick can be obtained (those who are familiar with genetics will easily calculate the probability of such a combination – it is 25%).
In conclusion, it is worth noting that breeding work with budgies has been carried out so long and successfully that the diverse breeds of these sociable and cheerful birds differ not only in color, but also in other criteria (for example, there are crested "wavy", moreover, the shape of the crest may be different – round, semicircular or beam).
But the classic light green wavy parrot remains the most healthy and viable – this is how this bird was conceived by nature. Therefore, acquiring a parrot of a particularly rare and beautiful color, be prepared for the fact that your pet will be less active, weaker and will live much less than its "ordinary" brother.