Parrot diseases are numerous and varied, so it is very important to notice the earliest symptoms of diseases in order to prevent possible complications. Say, if a parrot sneezes, this might not be a big deal. But sneezing can also be a sign of illness.
Parrot sneezes: what to do?
If a parrot sneezes occasionally, do not immediately raise a panic: maybe it’s just reaction to his own fluff in his nose. Most often, parrots sneeze after cleaning (usually they are cleaned before bedtime), as well as during molting. This is quite natural, so do not worry.
Sometimes (though very rarely) the parrot sneezes from time to time because it imitates one of the people. Say he noticed that you sneeze from pungent odors, and now does the same. This does not happen too often, but such an opportunity cannot be dismissed – especially if in all other respects the parrot looks quite healthy.
But if the parrot sneezes almost constantly, there is cause for concern. Usually a parrot sneezes for two reasons:
First, try to remember where the parrot could catch a cold.
Perhaps he was drawn in by a draft when you ventilated the room. Perhaps the room is too cold. Perhaps you poured him too cold water in a drinking bowl or in a bathing suit. All this could lead to the fact that the parrot caught a cold.
Of course, in this case you need to contact the veterinarian, but if there is no way to consult a doctor in the near future, you need to take preventive measures. If the parrot sneezes, you need to transplant it into a separate cage (in the event that other parrots live with him). The cage with the parrot should be put away from the window, drafts and noise sources.
You can additionally warm the parrot with a lamp. You need to warm up 4-5 days in a row, once a day for 3-4 hours. It is best to use a blue lamp or infrared emitter for heating. The light from the lamp can blind the bird, so you need to cover the lamp with a light cloth that allows heat to pass through.
In extreme cases, you can use a conventional incandescent lamp, but its power should not be more than 40-60 watts. Again, make sure that the lamp does not blind the bird.
It is not necessary to heat the whole cell, but only half, so that if desired, the parrot could get away from heating.
Carefully monitor the parrot during heating so that it does not burn, and the fabric that you covered the lamp does not ignite.
If, in addition to sneezing, it also has nasal discharge, you can additionally add a decoction of chamomile to his drinker. You need a tablespoon of dried chamomile pharmacy flowers pour a glass of boiling water. When the infusion has cooled, you need to strain it and pour it into the drinker of the parrot.
You can still do the inhalation parrot. For these purposes, you need to take a bowl with a capacity of 100 ml, drop 5 drops of tea tree oil, eucalyptus or menthol into it and pour boiling water on two-thirds of the volume of the bowl.
The bowl should be put in a cage, cover the cage with a dense tissue and leave for 15-30 minutes. During inhalations, as well as during heating, it is imperative to monitor the bird so that nothing happens to it.
But all this is only preventive measures that can slow down the development of the disease, but do not always guarantee recovery. If the parrot sneezes, be sure to contact your veterinarian.
In birds, the metabolic process proceeds faster than in humans, and the smaller the bird, the faster the metabolism. And this means that their diseases also develop faster.
Only a veterinarian can tell you exactly why a parrot is sneezing, and if necessary, prescribe treatment. And inaction or illiterate self-medication can kill a bird.
A budgie sneezes: a cold or lung problems?
In order to prevent the disease of a parrot during time, it is necessary to carefully monitor its behavior. If a budgie sneezes, then this can speak of several things at once: allergies, colds, or a more serious disease.
Sneezing in a parrot can be either completely harmless or a warning about the disease. Parrot sneezing is not a sign of concern if:
- When molting, the budgerigar sneezes from its feathers and fluff. It does not carry any danger.
- Parrots clean feathers several times a day and sneezing – this, as in the first version, is just a reaction to your own fluff.
- If your parrot is prone to training and imitates both your voice and sounds well, then it can simply repeat the sound of a sneeze from you.
- The air in the room is too dry. Budgerigars sneeze quite often due to dry air. If the parrot has dry nostrils during sneezing, then you need to moisten the air. To do this, it is enough to hang a damp towel on the cage.
Be careful! If the parrot sneezes with its beak, not its nose, and there is discharge from its nose, then a wet towel will only aggravate the situation.
Watch your pet throughout the day: if your budgerigar sneezes constantly and has nose discharge, here we are talking about a cold. It is worth the alarm especially in those cases when the parrot feces changed with the appearance of a sneeze, he stopped eating and looks very lethargic. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Parrot sneezes due to allergies
One of the causes of sneezing is allergy. An allergy can be caused by poor-quality food, inappropriate fruit or a change in food. Only the premium class feed should be fed – they allow the parrots to receive all the important trace elements and support the bird’s immunity. Sneezing suggests that the immune system has weakened.
Budgerigar sneezes due to a cold
If the food has not changed and everything is stable in the diet, then your budgerigar sneezes due to a cold. It should not be forgotten that parrots are heat-loving birds, to which any draft causes harm. So, There can be several reasons for a cold:
- drafts in the apartment
- the cage stands at the open window both day and night
- the parrot was on a draft after swimming.
If the parrot has a cold, then it also has a runny nose, sometimes an inflammation of the eyes. In this case the parrot needs warming up. If he does not live alone in a cage, then he should be jailed and put his cage in a quiet place away from the TV and other noise sources.
A parrot is heated with a lamp. The lamp power should not be 40-50 W, it should not blind the pet and should not warm the cage completely. Only half of the cell is heated. If your budgerigar sneezes with nasal discharge, then he inhalation should be done.
To do this, you need 5 drops of eucalyptus and a small bowl (100 ml) filled with boiling water. Add 5 drops of eucalyptus oil to boiling water, put the bowl in the cage and cover the cage with a towel for 10 minutes.
At this moment, it is very important to monitor the parrot: it should not fly too fast to boiling water, otherwise it may be scalded.
If warming up for two days does not help, then you should consult a doctor. A budgie can sneeze for other reasons that only a veterinarian can detect. If you decide to take the bird to the veterinarian, then take care of carrying it. It is important that after a trip to the doctor the parrot does not get sick even more.
In order to avoid chronic health problems in the budgerigar, it is necessary to carefully monitor its nutrition and not to put the cage in the drafts. Good pet health depends on what you feed him.
A healthy parrot is the happiness of the most feathered and its owner
If the parrot is healthy, then it has a beautiful plumage, there is a sparkle in the eyes, it actively behaves in the cage, normally reacts to others, the voice does not creak.
Signs of a healthy feathered:
- a clean and smooth beak; there are no growths on the nose;
- the beak does not flake, there are no cracks;
- on the legs a thin smooth and shiny horny scales;
- there is no litter left under the tail.
Common symptoms of a parrot disease
Characteristic manifestations of the disease:
- the parrot sneezes, frequent discharge of mucus from the nose is observed;
- the bird is constantly sleeping, sitting, having frizzled at the bottom of the cage, is not active;
- malignant growths form on the legs of the parrot, joints become inflamed, wounds and redness may occur, he knocks on the legs;
- the bird drinks a lot;
- the parrot often breathes, his voice creaks, his tail is perpendicular to the floor;
- keeps his mouth open;
- if the parrot is breathing heavily, it opens its mouth, it has frizzy, then most likely it will develop a chronic disease.
Some symptoms of feathered internal organs
If you notice that the bird has liquid droppings – this is a consequence of the course of the disease. The disorder speaks of inflammatory processes in the excretory system.
Description of individual diseases in budgies
Budgerigars can suffer from various diseases, which is why it is important to know the symptoms of the disease.
With food poisoning, the bird develops liquid droppings, intense thirst, drooping wings, and even cramps. You can treat activated charcoal or Smecta.
If the parrot sneezes, trembles, then most likely he caught a cold. During the period of the common cold, the budgerigar laughs, exhibits low activity, spends a long time in a dream, sits at the bottom of the cage, laughing. The bird sometimes begins to scratch its eyes, does not want to drink and eat, the parrot breathes heavily, swallows saliva, and cranes its neck.
Vitamin deficiency in parrots often occurs due to a lack of vitamins in their diet. In this period, the eyes of the bird turn red and swell, and the eyes watery.
Vitamin deficiency causes general weakness, in which the bird begins to tremble and throw its head back, stands weakly on its paws. The disease is more common in chicks.
Its sign is if the nestling has frizzled, the disheveled feathers have lost their natural color.
Knemidocoptosis, or tick, is very common among budgies.
Knemidocoptosis is a feathered disease caused by a tick of the genus Knemidocoptes. A bird affected by a tick may look normal for a long time, since the body’s reaction largely depends on how strong its immunity is. The tick harms the feathered bird, gradually destroying its immunity.
Characteristic signs of the disease:
- damage to the beak and the skin around it, waxen, paws,
- decreased productivity
- itchy skin
- necrosis of the phalanx.
The bird does not sit still, dance, stretches its paws, neck. Nasal growths form.
Knemidocoptosis affects areas of the skin of the bird that do not have feathers: on the beak and paws. In the last stage of the disease, the eyelids, anus and the skin around are affected. When a tick is damaged, outgrowths appear on the skin of the bird, around which there are no feathers.
It is very easy to treat a budgerigar from the effects of a tick if you notice the onset of the disease in time and begin to heal. The treatment process is to simultaneously eliminate the tick that lives on the body and increase the immunity of the bird.
During treatment, it is necessary that the bird is sitting in a cage and not in contact with relatives. It is necessary to make a complete disinfection of the cells and around to eliminate ticks and their eggs on the bottom and around. You should get rid of wooden objects that are near the bird, as ticks can live in the tree.
The common cold can be determined by the behavior of the feathered. He is not active, sits, having choked up, often sneezes, he has a runny nose. During the disease, the bird breathes heavily, sits with its mouth open.
Budgerigars are very sensitive to various drafts, cold water and sudden changes in temperature. This is due to the fact that parrots have a special structure of the respiratory system. Most often, birds catch a cold due to the fact that the temperature in their habitat becomes lower than 20 degrees, cold water is poured into the drinker.
If you monitor the state of your bird, you will probably notice that he is breathing heavily, stops playing, sleeps a lot, sits without moving, closes his eyes, often sneezes. This means that he caught a cold. During a cold, you may also notice that your parrot has stopped tweeting and very often scratches its eyes, cranes its neck.
During a cold, it may be noticeable that the budgerigar clicks its beak, mucus flows from its nostrils – a sign of a runny nose. Due to the common cold, the oral cavity can become inflamed and redden, the bird begins to swallow more often, burp grains due to irritation of the throat mucosa. During a cold, the parrot keeps its mouth open. His voice creaks, the parrot breathes heavily.
Since the fever quickly falls in temperature during the illness, it needs to be heated. As a heater, an ordinary lamp with a power of up to 60 watts is suitable for it. It needs to be located near the bird’s seat, at the bottom.
For the treatment of colds and colds, it is recommended to fill the drinker with chamomile tincture with the addition of honey or lemon. With a severe cold and a runny nose, inhalation is necessary.
To do this, prepare a mixture of chamomile, menthol, eucalyptus or "Star", pour boiling water over it and put it near the cage or at the bottom. Then the cage with the bowl is covered with a dense cloth and the bird is allowed to breathe.
You can warm the blanket.
Be sure to control the process of inhalation, as the bird can suffocate. If you see that the parrot is breathing heavily, opens its mouth, knocks with its beak and closes its eyes, then air must be allowed to enter the cage.
The common cold in budgerigars is fast enough, so you need to start treatment immediately.
It is much nicer to prevent absolutely any disease than to treat it. Therefore, first of all, we outline the causes of the appearance of colds in budgies.
Both reasons, it seems to me, are equally common:
- drafts (perhaps airing or a cage is standing next to the window);
- swimming at low temperature indoors (or in cold water).
Drafts are extremely undesirable for wavy, as well as swimming in a cold room. It is easier to prevent this than to treat the bird later.
If, however, the bird is sick, it is necessary to correctly recognize the disease. Because treating a bird from a disease that it does not have is a bad undertaking.
For a more accurate definition of the common cold, it is necessary to detect several symptoms in the parrot. What symptoms may occur:
- passivity, lethargy, apathy, the bird is inactive, rarely tweets, hardly moves around the cell;
- a parrot often sneezes with wet secretions on its beak and wax;
- the mucous membrane of the nose and mouth is inflamed and red, because of this the bird can often swallow, burp food and breathe heavily (it is easy to detect by the movement of the tail to the beat of breathing);
- the parrot often scratches the wax with paws or objects;
- in some cases, the parrot refuses to eat and drink;
- trembling is possible.
Now let’s talk about treatment.
First of all, make sure that the room temperature meets normal conditions and does not fall below 22 degrees.
If there are several birds in the cage, then the sick bird should be jailed from the healthy ones in a separate cage. If all the birds are sick or you only have one parrot, then no need to plant.
A sick bird must turn on an incandescent lamp. No need to use energy-saving, diode or other lamps. Lamp power should be 60 watts. It is necessary to install an incandescent lamp above the cage at a distance of 35-45 cm. If the lamp is more powerful, then it must be installed higher. One half of the cell is covered with a dense dark tissue.
When the parrot warms up, he himself will go into the shade. The lamp needs to be turned off and on after 2-3 hours. If the wavy does not want to warm the lamp off. This procedure must be repeated 3-5 times a day.
One heating period should not exceed one hour. In just a day, the parrot can bask for 3-5 hours in total. Overheating is extremely undesirable.
- During a cold, a solution of chamomile pharmacy is poured into the drinker. Change the solution 2-3 times a day.
- Honey and lemon. Also, honey and (or) lemon juice can be added to the chamomile solution. Dosage: 50 ml for 3 drops of honey and lemon juice.
With a severe cold with frequent coughing, profuse discharge from the nose and constant sneezing, steam inhalation procedures are necessary.
For inhalation, you can use:
- menthol oil: 0.5 ml per 100 ml of boiling water;
- eucalyptus oil: 0.5 ml per 100 ml of boiling water;
- decoction of pharmacy chamomile: 1 tbsp. chamomile per 250 ml of boiling water;
- decoction of eucalyptus: 1 tbsp. 300 ml of chamomile boiling water;
- sage broth: 1 tbsp. 300 ml of chamomile boiling water.
The container with the solution is placed next to the cell. I cover the cell and container with a towel. During the procedure, observe the pet: if it is noticeable that he is breathing heavily, spread his wings, covers his eyes, then reduce the procedure time, open the tissue slightly.
Steam inhalations are carried out in a course of 1 or 2 times a day for 15-25 minutes for 4-5 days.
With pronounced shortness of breath, wheezing or whistling, inhalation is prohibited! Possible pulmonary edema.
As always, I advise you to first contact an ornithologist.
If the method described above does not help, then the help of an ornithologist is simply necessary. Perhaps the diagnosis is incorrect, and perhaps the parrot has a more severe form of the common cold.