Any parrot sitting in a separate cage can be tame and without fear to sit on a person’s shoulder or arm. To train a bird, you need to have patience and perseverance, as sometimes wild individuals come across. First, a cage with a wild parrot is placed at the height of human height on some bedside table or cabinet and, when approaching it, they call him by name, trying not to make sudden movements. As soon as the parrot gets used to a new place, which usually happens no earlier than in a week, they begin to gradually accustom it to themselves. First of all, you need to ensure that he is used to eating food in your presence. To do this, when the parrot descends to the feeder and begins to eat food, you need to carefully and slowly approach it. At first, at your approach, the bird will rush sharply up the cages, but with each passing day it will be closer and closer to itself, and then it will stop reacting to your approach. After this, it is necessary to train her to take food from her hands. For this purpose, you take your favorite food in your fingers and gradually, without sudden movements, push it between the bars of the cage, affectionately calling the parrot by name.
The first stage of training is the most difficult, and sometimes you have to do this procedure for several days in a row until the bird takes courage and takes a treat from your hands. The next time she takes the offered food already bolder, but, grabbing it, usually bounces to the opposite end of the perch. When a parrot will boldly take a treat from your hands, you need to train it to sit on your hand. To do this, they approach the cage, open the door slowly, insert a palm on the inside of the cage, on which lies a tidbit, quietly and tenderly condemning it. After a long hesitation, a parrot attracted by tasty food usually sits on its hand the first time and takes food from its palm. The treat for these birds can be a slice of wheat bread soaked in milk, sweet tea or coffee.
When a parrot without fear will take food from the palm to sit quietly on it, the final stage of training begins. First they try to take it out of the cage on the arm. If you succeed, it means that the bird has become tame and you can train it to fly at your call and sit on your shoulder or arm. The parrot is released from the cage into the room and, calling by name, is shown a treat. During training and in the future, it should be fed only in the cage or from the hand, otherwise it will not come back, and all hand parrots should do this. It is better to train when the parrot is hungry, and when he is full, he is less willing to go for a treat.
The talking parrot does not just talk, but correctly uses the words. For example, when he is hungry, he says: “Give daddy porridge”, unless, of course, he was properly trained in this. Speaking this or that learned word or phrase, the parrot connects the meaning of the words with the occasion or time of the day when they were said to him during training, and pronounces them at the right time.
Both large and small individuals, both females and males, can learn to pronounce words, but not all birds of even the same species have the same learning abilities. In appearance, it is impossible to distinguish a capable parrot from a bird of average talent or completely incapable of learning. However, when purchasing birds, you should always choose the youngest and most mobile, who carefully look at and listen to everything that happens around. There is no general opinion about who is more gifted with learning abilities – male or female. It has been observed that well-speaking parrots are more likely to be found among females. During training, as with training, you should treat the birds as gently as possible in order to gain even more confidence. It is better to start training when the bird has got used to you and will sit on your hand. A hand parrot perceives human speech more easily.
Before the lesson, the parrots are placed in a separate room so that other birds do not distract him. When learning to whistle verses from songs, the teacher must pronounce the motive correctly and whistle well, always the same, even and distinct. Training should be carried out at certain hours of the day, an advantage in the morning and before serving a treat. The teacher whistles one of the songs and gets the parrot to play it. When the bird learns the necessary verse, go to the next and gradually achieve good performance. In order for the parrot to whistle the verses from the song in the desired order, the trainer whistles both verses in a row. If a parrot performs some verse incorrectly, the trainer corrects it until it reaches the correct reproduction. At the end of the lesson, they give the parrot a treat and put the cage in a permanent place.
Learning to "talk" should begin with the simplest words. Every day, especially in the morning before feeding, it is necessary to pronounce a single word in a loud, distinct and even voice. The first words that a parrot is taught should have the vowels “a” or “o”, from consonants it is predominantly k, p, p, t. Experience has shown that parrots better perceive female voices than male voices. The words taught to the bird should be spoken to the place. For example, when they give food to a parrot, they say, “Shelf wants to eat,” when you enter, you need to say: “Hello,” leaving, “Goodbye.” The capable bird assimilates all the words quickly and correctly associates them with the corresponding cases. Talking parrots need to be constantly engaged so that they develop their abilities. Modern technology provides great opportunities for training parrots, "talking" using a tape recorder. However, the best results are achieved only when teaching the bird by the person himself.
- Almost any parrot can "speak", but there are recognized the most talkative, most accurately imitating human speech: Jacques, Amazons, to a lesser extent wavy. Even within the same species come across gifted and completely mediocre individuals. Do not demand the impossible from your pet!
- If there are many parrots that you are learning to talk about, it is better to keep them separate at least for the duration of the classes.
- Do not expect the winged student to speak after the first lesson, some take weeks, others need a month, others don’t utter words at all, but will twitter in their own language or just imitate sounds, such as a vacuum cleaner
- Young males are best taught to speak, although females are also able to learn speech.
Some tricks of teaching budgerigars
The simplest form of bird “speaking” is simply copying words and phrases without any connection with the situation and objects. In order to teach the budgerigar such a conversation, the owner should devote as much time as possible to the repeated repetition of the phrase that he wants to finally hear from his pet. In this case, the budgie will reproduce what he heard, regardless of any external factors, in accordance with his internal state, "under the disorder." This form of speaking is nothing more than a kind of “song” that is acquired by communication with a person. That is what most budgies are saying.
Also, there are certain tricks that allow you to train the bird to speak differently, more reasonably. A parrot can reproduce learned words and sentences to a place, obeying reflexive connections that form in its brain between words or phrases, on the one hand, and objects or situations, on the other. To do this, during class, show the budgie objects and actions associated with your cues. Saying: “Give me an apple,” show the bird a real apple (it’s advisable to use several different apples so that your pet has the word “apple” associated with any apple, not just the specific fruit that you showed him). Similarly, saying: "Go away" – turn around and move away from the cage, etc. The intonation with which this phrase is pronounced plays a particularly important role in the rapid assimilation of a replica by a wavy parrot. The more emotional a person’s speech is, the more likely it is that the bird will quickly remember one or another phrase and learn to reproduce it.
Budgerigars are easier to imitate a female voice. Men are advised to speak in a higher voice than usual when teaching a bird.
If possible, it is advisable to practice with a parrot in the morning. However, many working people achieve good results and evening lessons.
The phrase for memorization should be spoken loudly and slowly, without variations, with the same intonation, preferably at the same height.
At first, one person needs to train a budgie "conversation". Other family members may join the case later after the bird utters the first word. This is a key point in training budgies. Usually, it takes about three months to teach a bird to pronounce the first word (as a rule, this is its nickname). However, this period may be longer or shorter, depending on the individual abilities of the “student”.
The most favorable period for teaching the budgerigar to speak is the first year of its life, and lasts until the age of four. Until the end of his life, the parrot will repeat those statements that he learned in his youth.
A good incentive to start talking can be a mirror for a parrot. Many birds do not pronounce their first phrase in the form of a direct reaction to the words of the owner engaged in their training. To reproduce these words makes them want to attract the attention of the "other" parrot, whom they see in the mirror and who for some reason is silent all the time. But for the duration of classes, all distracting objects, including the mirror, should be removed from the cage.
If you are not lazy to conduct daily lessons with a parrot, then one fine day he will definitely say his first word.