In the 6th century AD, parrots were brought to Europe from tropical countries. These funny birds with bright plumage are part of the order of the parrot-like. For you, one of them can become a true friend and beloved pet. In captivity, the budgerigar has a lifespan of 13 years, and long-livers living up to 18 years of age are also found (if you look after them correctly). The average life span of a macaw parrot is in the range of 50-100 years. The Red-Tailed Jacquot lives to be 42 years old, again, if properly looked after.
If you have never dealt with birds, then do not immediately buy a large parrot, cockatoo or macaw, for beginners it is quite difficult to adhere to all the subtleties of caring for these birds. It is much easier to get used to a new parrot, it will be much easier for him to get used to the new situation and it will be easier to train them. When choosing, pay attention that the parrot has a cheerful look, he himself is mobile and peppy, the diseased parrot will sit shaggy and lowered its wings. The color of a parrot is only a matter of taste, but most of the talking parrots are painted green. Among budgerigars, males are more talkative than females.
In the first week of stay in a new house, the parrot needs to be especially carefully looked after. From the first day it is very important to establish a trusting relationship with the bird, without fear and misunderstanding on the part of the parrot. Never remove it by hand from the portable cage.
A parrot purchased in winter does not need to be immediately brought into a heated room, but it is better to temporarily leave its cage in the corridor, at a temperature of 15 – 18 ° C.
Parrot care at home
The cage with your pet should be installed at the height of human growth, and when you make friends about 1.5m from the floor. Lighting is very important for the health of a parrot.
The daylight hours of these birds are about 16 hours, a shorter duration will not allow the parrot to eat well. In order for the daily feed rate to be eaten by the bird, short autumn, winter and spring days are prolonged with the help of electric lighting.
Comfortable air temperature, a clean cage, a cozy place without drafts are mandatory components when you care for a parrot. The dirt from the pole must be removed with a knife every day and washed in hot water. The cells are covered with river sand and change it as they become contaminated with droppings. Sand is pre-sieved from debris and various impurities, and then calcined well.
Parrots are very fond of nibbling, put a piece of a tree branch or a bush (not poisonous) every day in the cage. If you do not provide the parrot with the opportunity to gnaw as much as you want, he is constantly looking for something in the plumage, pulling out the feathers and combing himself, this can harm his health.
When moving a parrot (especially not tamed) from cage to cage, under no circumstances do not drag it with your hands. He will be scared and will bite, the stress received in such a situation can lead to illness and even death of the bird. The hand-held parrot should itself sit on your hand, and the wild one is lured into a new cage with the help of food.
Large species of parrots tolerate temperature differences well, the lower limit is 5 ° C, the upper limit is 30 ° C. Comfortable temperature for large individuals is 15 – 20 ° С, wide-tailed loris prefer a higher temperature, 25 ° С.
In a room with a parrot, one should not scream, make noise and make too abrupt movements to look after him and not scare him. So they quickly get used to the society of people, quickly tamed, do not show aggression. Do not forget that the behavior of a parrot is due to a complex set of conditioned and unconditioned reflexes, and a reaction to a combination of environmental factors.
It is better not to put the cage with the parrot near the window, as well as near heating appliances. The shape of the cell is usually rectangular with a flat roof; polygonal and round cells are more difficult to keep clean. The cage should have a drinking bowl, poles, 2 feeders, a can for mineral feed and a pallet. Poles are made from branches of fruit trees or birch, or they buy plastic. The thickness of the perch is about 1.5 cm; their length and number depends on the size of the cell. Once a month, a general cleaning of the cage is carried out.
Water should be changed daily, and in summer 2 times or more, since it can deteriorate and cause digestion in the parrot. Water is used boiled or well-settled at room temperature. You can disinfect water by adding 3 drops of lemon juice, which is also beneficial for the feathers of a parrot.
Drinking bowls and feeders are washed daily with hot water and wiped dry. You can install a bathhouse in a cage filled with warm water, especially on hot days. Some parrots like to swim and play in a stream of water under the tap. But there are parrots who do not like water procedures, do not force them, but replace the water with clean sand.
The basis of a healthy diet of parrots is grain. Twice a day, grain husk is blown from the feeder. Oats are suitable for birds, but they are pre-soaked in water for a day, and then washed in a colander. Millet and oats can be germinated in a small bowl and put in a cage. A good supplement to the diet of a parrot is the spikelets of oats and wheat, they help slow down the growth of the beak. For a change, give your pet flax seeds, corn soaked in water, carefully look after it. A treat for parrots is sunflower seeds and nuts, but do not abuse them.
It is important to give the parrot various greens: knotweed, plantain leaves, St. John’s wort, dill, finely chopped dandelion leaves, wood lice. Parrots should not be given parsley.
Need a parrot and protein food: a gentle cottage cheese, a crushed hard-boiled egg, stiffened white bread, soaked in milk. Do not forget to treat your parrot with all kinds of vegetables and fruits, with the exception of garlic and onions. From the very beginning, accustom your pet to a variety of foods, otherwise it will be difficult to feed him with anything other than grain. It is forbidden to give parrots oily and spicy foods, brown bread, coffee, alcohol, animal fats and strong tea.