The canary is a small decorative bird in appearance, which differs neither in decorative appearance, but in intelligence, such as the parrot, but why then they were presented as a gift to monarchs and kings in the 16th century? And the reason is their musical ability. Of course, there are a lot of songbirds, but the canary is the most unpretentious in food, does not require special conditions of detention, they are very well bred in captivity, and relatively easy to learn.
Canary Domestication History
The bird got such a beautiful and speaking name from the Spanish and Portuguese sailors back in the 14th century, when it was first discovered on the Canary Islands. True, later they were discovered on the Azores and Madera, but the name has already been fixed.
As a home canary, it began to grow in the 15-16th centuries, when they began to bring it to Europe as insanely expensive souvenirs. Their value was so great that even in the highest nobility only a few could afford them. The canary has become a symbol of luxury and special proximity to the rulers.
But the Spanish monks were the first to think of raising birds at home in captivity, and this marked the beginning of almost a hundred-year monopoly on the sale of Canaries by the Spaniards throughout Europe, which affected their value – now they could be allowed not only by the "cream of society".
But the Spaniards were far from stupid, and sold exclusively males, so as not to create competition for themselves. This has been true for about 100 years.
Change of color of plumage
This could not continue forever, and gradually throughout Europe began to develop nurseries for their breeding. And something incredible happened – almost at the same time in different parts of Europe canaries with a yellow color began to appear, although before the birds were only green. The reason for this was a different climate, it was a natural mutation.
And just the boom of crossing canaries with other representatives of the passerine squad began. This yielded certain results, today there are no colors.
An interesting fact – changing the diet, you can change the color of the plumage of the canary.
Canary and her amazing ability
Already after the complete domestication of canaries, they accidentally discovered a phenomenal sensitivity to natural gas. Cages with a bird began to be taken to the mines, and if it became anxious, then people immediately left the workplace, after which there was often a gas explosion. Thousands and thousands of people were saved.
In the war years, canaries were also kept in chemical laboratories, but this somehow did not take root.
Home canaries require minimal care – they can spend all the time in a cage, which means:
- You just need to keep the cell clean (clean a couple of times a week);
- Do not forget to fill the feeder with cereals and the drinker with fresh water;
- Do not place the cage in a draft or in the sun (for example, on a windowsill).
The cell can be made of both hard wood and metal, the latter being more preferable, because it is easier to wash and can be scalded with steam for disinfection. The cage should be spacious, preferably several levels of poles so that the bird can play there. If you have several cells with canaries, then they must be placed in the line of sight. If the birds see each other, then they sing in unison, and more beautifully.
Canaries are very quickly tamed, she is gullible to people. If you let her fly around the room, then after a while she will fearlessly sit on you. Speak with the canary in a steady voice to gain her trust.
Canaries love to swim, it cleanses her skin and plumage.
Bathing for poultry
We take warm water into the bathing room, put it in a cage, and for half an hour we leave the bird alone. Taming them to water procedures is necessary from an early age, from the moment they are deposited from the mother (about a month after the appearance of the egg). After taking baths, wash the bathing well, the second time you can not use dirty.
If you decide to continue the species of birds, then the pair must be selected very carefully.
In canaries, genes have a very strong effect on offspring!
This means that both male and female should be vociferous, large, with beautiful plumage. If one of the parents is "cold", then it is better not to count on full-fledged offspring … Moreover, a beautiful voice and melodious singing of canaries goes more along the paternal side.
Mom canary hatches eggs
It takes about ten days between mating and egg laying. During this time, the female makes a nest for herself, for this, put thick cotton or linen threads, pieces of fabric and dried hay into a cage of finger-sliced thick cotton or linen. The male does not need to be handed out, he will take part in the hatching and feeding of the offspring. But it can be jailed, the female can handle it herself.
In no case, between the appearance of the eggs and the growth of the chicks, do not move the cage! Otherwise, it is very common that the mother ceases to feed the children, believing that they are strangers.
Canary eggs hatch for exactly 13 days. On the 14th day, the chicks begin to hatch, and after 4 hours, the mother begins to feed them. They eat the same as their parents – grain feed. Also during this period, soft homemade food is useful – a boiled egg, grated with breadcrumbs.
The appearance of chicks
Attempts to sing grown chicks begin by 40 days of life, but reach a full voice only by 8-9 months.
It is noteworthy that when the chicks cease to need the help of their mother, i.e. a month after birth, boys need to be seated in different cells, and girls can be left in one. You can recognize gender by the first chanting attempts – for boys, the sounds are longer, uninterrupted, while for girls the song is intermittent, higher notes are more like chirping.
They live from 7 to 12 years (although with very careful maintenance and fortified feed live for 15 years), the old canary, photo below, differs from the young by the legs – they begin to peel off, long and rough claws. With regular bathing with chamomile decoction and clipping of the claws of these symptoms may not be.
How to cut claws
And remember – we are responsible for those who have tamed!