Breeding lover budgies, strives to ensure that the birds give good, strong offspring. For this, it is necessary, first of all, to choose the right males and females and prepare them for reproduction.
Only healthy and moving birds can be mated. Sick and weak parrots lay unfertilized eggs or the embryos in them die at one of the stages of development. Too old parrots also give offspring of poor quality.
Parrots embarking on breeding should be well-fed, but not fat. Weak and thin birds do not sit well on eggs and do not feed chicks. Very young birds should not be allowed to breed. Budgerigars become capable of breeding at the 5-7th month of life, and maturity occurs only at the age of 1-1.5 years. Otherwise, a young female, whose body has not fully formed, may die when laying the first egg. The highest fecundity in budgerigars occurs in the 2nd-4th year of life. The ability to reproduce lasts up to 8-9 years. With a good content and moderate receiving broods (2-3 times a year), the parrots are able to reproduce at an older age.
In parrots, pair selection is an important prerequisite for successful breeding. Mating birds know each other well, distinguish their partner from other parrots and are constantly together. Unlike most birds and even mammals, in which a male or female can connect with any partner to continue the genus, in parrots, "sympathy" and "antipathy" play a decisive role. In this regard, when selecting producers from young animals, it is necessary to take this factor into account and notice in the flock individuals that independently pair in pairs. In artificially created pairs, birds sometimes do not breed for several years, although there are all conditions for this.
In active birds, mating occurs quickly. Having chosen a female, the parrot constantly looks after her, picks feathers for her friend, making characteristic sounds and constantly feeds her from her beak. The female reciprocates: it bows its head, sits with half-closed eyes; birds often kiss. After this, their affection for each other is fixed for life and spouses can be separated only by death.
The best time for breeding parrots is summer and early autumn, when there is a lot of light, heat, greenery. Parrots can successfully breed in late autumn and even winter, but for the chicks to grow up to be full-fledged birds, special conditions are necessary: the daylight hours should be increased to 15-16 hours a day due to electric lighting, the temperature should be kept at + 18-20 ° С in the room, in the cage there should be fresh greens, fresh twigs of linden, mountain ash and other trees (spruce paws are put in the cage once or twice a week).
Parrots should not be raised in early spring. As a result of the fact that the birds received little sunlight in the winter, and in the spring there are few vitamins and other useful substances in vegetables and fruits, their offspring are usually weak.
Two to three pairs of budgies are kept in a large cage. The birds in the group are more active and mobile. When picking groups, it is recommended to purchase males and females from different places. Close mating is unacceptable and leads to a decrease in egg production and fertilization of eggs, and chicks are born weak, with congenital defects, poorly developed, lagging behind in growth. They are characterized by increased susceptibility to diseases and reduced vitality.
During nesting, large cells containing 2-3 pairs of parrots and are no longer very comfortable. Pairs are best planted in separate cells. At the same time, cells can be smaller (40x30x30 cm).
Nesting is regulated by hanging the nest boxes. So that they do not occupy much space in the cells, they are placed outside. The nests for budgies have gone through a certain stage of development, from a hollowed hollow in a tree trunk, through six- and eight-sided houses to simple modern designs. The budgerigar is a bird domesticated to such an extent that it does not need to simulate natural trunks, under the bark of which a large number of parasite insects often accumulate, which are difficult to destroy. In most cases, nests are made of wood – a natural material that “breathes” and has good thermal insulation. Boxes of artificial materials in practice do not justify themselves. Currently, three types of nesting are used: vertical, horizontal and the so-called compromise.
Internal dimensions of the vertical nest box: bottom 15×15 cm, height 25 cm, notch with a diameter of about 4.5 cm (located about 3 cm from the top edge). In the middle of the bottom, made of a thick board, there is a circular cavity with a depth in the center of about 1-2 cm. The perch, on which the male feeds the female, and later the chicks, comes out with one end about 10 cm and 1.5 cm inside the booth. Its end inside the nesting allows the female to calmly go down.