The strong beak of the budgerigar replaces his teeth. With its help, a bird can grind food, peel seeds from husks. In addition, parrots use this organ for other tasks: strengthening the nest, climbing trees, cleaning plumage. Domesticated birds often have problems with their beak, so they need appropriate care, recommendations for which you will find in this article.
What is the beak
The beak of a budgerigar is bone. Its outer and inner sides are covered with a cornea (layer). The mandible or lower part consists of small bones. The upper beak or the upper part consists of the following bones:
The inner part of the beak has characteristic grooves that help the parrot to grind food. Budgerigars can move the beak, since it is not fused with the skull, but connected by a tendon ligament, like all other beak bones.
What is the beak for?
The beak of a parrot is a very sensitive organ. Thanks to receptors, he is able to feel cold, warmth and touch, to recognize the shape of the subject. Budgerigars use this organ for the following:
- food crushing;
- construction of a hollow;
- masonry movements;
- feeding chicks;
- feather cleaning;
- intimidation during the defense;
- climbing trees or a cage.
In wavy pets, the beak may begin to grow due to a deficiency or excess of vital substances in the body of the pet – vitamins or trace elements. Typically, these complications affect the claws of the pet – they also begin to grow.
Liver diseases, various poisonings, cancerous tumors, interruptions in metabolism due to improperly balanced parrot nutrition or exposure to knemidocoptosis (scabies mite) can affect the growth of the beak.
It can also begin to grow incorrectly if a parrot hits it on some surface or bars of a cage. At the age of five to seven years, males of the budgerigar may begin hormonal disruptions, which also affects the state of the cornea.
In general, budgies are able to independently monitor their cornea. In the wild, they clean it off of trees, while at home they need to provide a similar surface.
A pet can shorten its beak and get rid of keratin growth if you provide him with suitable objects: fruit tree branches, wooden poles, pebbles. Smooth surfaces or sandpaper will not work for this purpose.
If the bird is uncomfortable, you will have to cut the beak of the budgie yourself. If he is not trimmed in a timely manner, then the pet will not be able to eat normally. Do not worry when considering how to cut the beak of a bird – this is not so difficult. The main thing is to prepare the necessary items in advance and carefully perform all the actions.
Let’s consider in more detail how to cut the beak of a wavy pet so as not to hurt him. You can trim the extra stratum corneum with the help of sharp manicure scissors, previously disinfected in alcohol.
Ask someone from the household to help you – hold the bird while you carry out the main process – cut the cornea into small pieces. Then go to the place of the cut with a nail file previously processed in alcohol to get rid of possible cracks.
Be extremely careful, there is a blood capillary inside the beak, which can be examined using an incandescent lamp. If you accidentally touch it, do not panic, attach a swab dipped in potassium permanganate (hydrogen peroxide) to the wound, or sprinkle with a hemostatic powder.
As can be seen from the above, caring for the beak of a bird is not a complicated matter. But what if the organ in the pet began to exfoliate? This may indicate that, most likely, the bird’s body lacks vitamins and minerals.
Correcting the situation, you need to radically revise the bird’s diet. To cure a parrot, you need to start giving him germinated wheat grains, chopped eggshells, crushed chalk, honey, and fodder yeast.
However, this is not the only reason why the beak of the budgerigar flakes. This can happen due to the appearance of knemidocoptosis (scabies mite). A tick-borne parasite gnaws at the cornea, thereby destroying it. Having noticed the lamination on the cornea, you need to take urgent measures.
Carefully inspect the parrot, perhaps the affected area is much larger than you thought. Transplant the bird into a box, remove all equipment from the cage and replace it with plastic items for the duration of the treatment.
Disinfect equipment and the cage with steam and an appropriate preparation, such as Disinsectal. After that, wash everything with soapy water, rinse thoroughly with warm water and wipe dry to prevent the pet from poisoning. Do not forget to carry out general cleaning in those rooms where the parrot could fly, and process those places where he could sit.
Transplant the parrot back into the cage, and be sure to throw out the box. Begin treatment with a nvertin or aversectin ointment. Lubricate the affected areas with the selected remedy no more than once every three days before full recovery. For prevention, coat the bird an additional two to three times.
And how do you care for your pet’s beak?
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