Material for making bird poles
Most often, the perches are made of wood. It can be a curved wooden stick or just a tree branch. Twigs of birds are also happy to nibble. The perch should not be too smooth, since it’s hard for a bird to hold on to it. As a perch you can, Besides, use different ropes. They should be made from 100% natural fiber, such as sisal, jute or cotton. You can simply stretch such a rope in a cage, or you can wrap it with a hard stick. Also, materials such as plastic, acrylic, PVC are used as a perch coating. Their main advantage is ease of washing. Ideally, they should not have a smooth surface so that the bird is not slippery. Make sure they are made of non-toxic material. If you see that your bird easily nibbles pieces of plastic or PVC, do not use these types of materials, find some other perch.
On sale are perches made of cement or minerals.. They help the bird to grind its beak and claws on its legs. If the bird uses only such poles, irritation may occur, so provide it with perches made of other materials as well. Do not use sandpaper, as a bird will scratch its paws on it..
Plastic and rubber tubes as well as PVC are easy to clean. They should be washed with a disinfectant, rinsed thoroughly, dried well and can be returned to the cage. A good disinfectant solution can be prepared as follows: Add 100 ml of bleach to 5 l of water. Avoid scented cleaners and pine essential oils. Wooden poles should be scratched with a grater if there is severe contamination on them, then sanitized, rinsed and dried. Rope perches need to be washed or simply replaced. Make sure that no threads come out of them, as the bird can swallow them or get tangled in their paws.
Tree branches and cement poles are more difficult to wash, as they have more bumps. Heavy dirt can be removed with a wire brush., then the perch must be disinfected, as described above, or boiled, and then dried well. So that there are no problems with the paws, any perch needs to be completely dried before being put back into the cage.
To make a perch from a tree branch, first of all, you should choose non-toxic varieties of trees, which were not sprayed with insecticides and herbicides. Fit well fruit trees, walnut, ash, elm, magnolia. You can also try grapevine. To avoid the appearance of insects or infection by diseases, which can be transmitted by wild birds, the branches must be disinfected, rinsed and dried in the sun. You can also boil or bake in the oven for 10-20 minutes, depending on the diameter of the branch.
Usually, the paw of the bird should cover 2/3 of the pole. The perch should never be so thin that the claws close! The table below will give you an idea of the diameter of the perch for different species of birds. Most of all, birds like it when the diameter of the pole varies, as happens on tree branches. If the diameter is unchanged, then the same pressure is applied to the same places on the feet. This causes redness, corns, infection of the foot. If the cage has poles of various sizes and made of different materials, this will help prevent foot diseases.